Bird Hits and Wildlife Threats: DGCA issues do’s and don’ts list to airport operators

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New Delhi: Directorate General of Civil Aviation ,DGCA) on Friday issued a new set of instructions for airport operators to deal with “potential wildlife hazards” such as animals on runways and bird hits. regulator The U.S. has issued two methods – passive and proactive management – to control the issue which increases during monsoon when wildlife activities increase and “pose a serious threat to aerodrome operational safety. Most of the wildlife incidents are flight critical stage resulting in structural damage to an aircraft.”
Titled, “Managing Potential Wildlife Hazards at Licensed Airports”, the advisory circular states: “The movement of birds and animals in and around an airport is a potential source of danger to the safe operation of aircraft … an aircraft and the potential for collisions between birds/animals. Wildlife attacks pose a significant threat to flight safety and have caused many accidents and incidents in India.
The aircraft rules prohibit the slaughter of wildlife and animals that attract wildlife within a 10-km radius of the airport. “At the aerodrome, the main objective is to bring about changes in wildlife behavior so that they do not enter critical safety areas where aircraft operate…. housing management Perhaps the most important way is to prevent or reduce wildlife attacks in and around airports. Modification of airport habitat/environment to eliminate or exclude food, water and shelter may limit the attractiveness of birds and other wildlife at airports,” it says.
“Passive management” aims to make the environment less attractive to wildlife. Steps under TIS include: “Grass height management; watering, or excluding access to recommended water; avoiding posts, signs, and poles on which wildlife can sit; apron lighting enclosures to discourage nesting.” Manage and manage runway lighting to reduce insect attraction. Ensure perimeter fences are regularly monitored for damage.”
Regular monitoring of buildings and other infrastructure for nests and roosts is recommended, along with regular pruning to get rid of dense growth. “Poor waste management will be a significant risk for an airport. All bin lids must always be closed to restrict wildlife attraction.”
“Active Management” technology deployment has been recommended to replace an airport’s habitat. These include “a wide range of acoustics, pyro techniques or air-sirens to provide sufficient incentive for birds to leave the runway.” When efforts to prevent wildlife from coming too close to an airport fail, “different techniques need to be employed, which may include trapping and releasing them to a new location.”
“Based on the (in) guidelines, all airport operators are requested to review their Wildlife Risk Management Plan/Program (WHMP) to identify gaps and reduce risks around the airport.” To ensure strict implementation of the plan for wildlife risk management in and around and around. In the event of a collision between wildlife and aircraft, airport operators need to deploy extensive methods/techniques”.
Airport operators have been advised to establish procedures for notifying pilots if there is a significant wildlife concentration or activity in or near an airport. Runway safety inspections will need to be carried out along with other wildlife risk management patrols.
“Directed aerodrome operators to forward monthly action taken report (to DGCA) on implementation of wildlife risk management program and also to provide wildlife strike data by 7th of every month,” said the circular from DGCA Joint DG DC Sharma. goes.”



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